With sleep apnea, there are short-term pauses in breathing during sleep, which can last 10 seconds or more . Does it affect the body?
The consequences of sleep apnea have long been studied, but every year new data appear on the relationship of respiratory disorders with various diseases. First of all, these are diseases of the cardiovascular systemdue to chronic oxygen starvation at night:
- arterial hypertension (noted in 40-50% of patients with sleep apnea);
- ischemic heart disease (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction);
- cardiac arrhythmias (sinus arrhythmia, atrial and ventricular extrasystole, heart block). Arrhythmias often occur at night during periods of apnea and in some cases are absent during the day.
Why is sleep apnea dangerous? This syndrome has been proven to be the cause of cerebrovascular disease (stroke). Sleep apnea is 2 to 8 times more likely to have a stroke . According to studies, the risk of death of patients with this disorder from myocardial infarction or stroke is increased by 3 times.
To avoid the adverse effects of sleep apnea, this condition needs to be corrected. Persons with such a violation should contact a somnologist. All types of diagnostics and treatment are available at the Sleep Medicine Center at the Rehabilitation Clinic in Khamovniki. The method of treatment is chosen by the doctor based on the results of the examination and the presence of complications.