What is insomnia?

Often we are sure that insomnia is a deviation in which we cannot fall asleep at night. But doctors say that not only the duration of sleep, but also its depth can be disturbed in a person. 

If in the morning you feel overwhelmed, tired, if it still did not work out to regain strength, then this is also considered insomnia. At working age, 5-8 hours of sleep are sufficient for a person. If he is engaged in heavy mental or physical labor, then the duration of sleep increases. The more a person gets tired, the more time he needs to recover.   

Consider the main types of insomnia:

1. You fall asleep late. This is the most common type. Each of us has periods when we lie all night and cannot close our eyes because of strong emotions. But this is considered the norm. If a person has problems falling asleep, which lasts more than 3 months, we can talk about real insomnia. Late falling asleep can be caused by many reasons: constant stress, activating drugs at night, some diseases, malnutrition , etc.    

2. You get up early. Often this can be a symptom of depression or a neurological disease. But in old age, early awakening is considered one of the normal options if a person does not have drowsiness during the day and the duration of sleep decreases gradually.  

3. Intermittent sleep. Something is stopping you from getting a good night’s sleep. It can be both external factors (stuffiness, bright light, uncomfortable bed , etc.), and various diseases (angina pectoris, bronchial asthma, cystitis, etc.).  

4. Violation of sleep patterns. This is a special type of insomnia, when a person is awake at night, but gaining the necessary amount of sleep during the day. He does not go to bed due to any reason (night watch, social networking), and during the day he can not cope with drowsiness. 

5. Sleep with sleeping pills. This is also a type of insomnia, because not a single tablet will give a person a dream that is natural. This does not mean that you need to abandon the medicine if the doctor has prescribed them. But remember that the tablets are not intended for regular intake, but for the temporary adjustment of sleep. They have their own side effects. Therefore, over time, the dosage must be reduced, and then completely abandon them. 

If you have insomnia, do not rush to take pills. They are necessary when there is no other way to cope with this ailment. But doctors warn that sleeping with drugs can be compared to moving a person in a wheelchair. It can not be called full, helping to really relax and gain strength. No pill can replace natural sleep. Only if other methods do not help, the doctor insists on taking sleeping pills, you should not argue with him. But as soon as you feel better, you need to gradually reduce the dosage so that over time again go to natural sleep.

If you do not sleep at night, then this is not necessarily due to insomnia. There can be many reasons: for example, you sleep in the morning or afternoon. If after one sleepless night, when you slept only 4 hours, you slept for 12-15 hours, this can not be called insomnia, because an average of about 8 hours of sleep. This is a common violation of sleep and wakefulness, which does not apply to sleep disorders and, moreover, is not treated with sleeping pills. 

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