Sleep disturbances significantly impair the quality of life. In the morning after a sleepless night, a person feels physically broken, in a bad mood, cannot concentrate on affairs, and can tear his fatigue on loved ones. Therefore, if sleep problems are repeated often enough, there is a desire to go to the pharmacy and buy medications to help cope with insomnia.
The treatment of insomnia should be a doctor
Need to know that insomnia may be a sign of various diseases of the nervous system or internal organs. Problems with breathing or cardiovascular system can cause sleep disturbances, such as shortness of breath, pain in the heart, asthma attacks, severe Obesity, pain in the spine or joints fall asleep is quite difficult. Therefore, a specialist should be involved in the treatment of systematic insomnia. If the cause of insomnia is a somatic disease, then it is first necessary to treat it, for this you need qualified help from a cardiologist, pulmonologist, rheumatologist, neurologist or other specialist.
Medication for insomnia
If after a complete examination of organic causes for insomnia was not found, the doctor may prescribe you treatment with various sleeping pills.
The easiest drugs to treat insomnia are sedatives or sedatives. These drugs reduce excitability, help calm down and relax in the evening, reduce the reaction of the nervous system to various external stimuli. This group includes drugs of plant origin, such as valerian, motherwort, peony, passionflower, etc. , and specific medicines, such as potassium and sodium bromide, camphor bromide, and others. However, you need to know that bromine preparations can accumulate in the body and with a long uncontrolled intake cause poisoning of the body.
If sedative drugs do not give the desired effect and insomnia continues to torment the person, the doctor may prescribe a benzodiazepine medication . This group of drugs includes brotizolam, clonazepam, diazepam and others. You must be clear that these drugs can cause rebound syndrome if taken improperly. That is, the next day after a single dose of the drug insomnia may resume, depression, bad mood. And naturally there may be a desire to take the pill again. Thus, a dependency may occur.
Barbiturates, antipsychotics and antidepressants
If the first two groups of drugs had no effect, the doctor may prescribe drugs from the group of barbiturates, antipsychotics and antidepressants. These medicines are very serious and are not sold in a pharmacy without a prescription, since spontaneous intake of these medicines can cause major problems with the psyche and nervous system.
Duration sleep disorders treatment the doctor must also determine, as each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. With a single drug intake, the desired effect may not occur, and with a very long intake, addiction may develop, with withdrawal of drugs, withdrawal syndrome may develop – a mental need for medication. Therefore, they often resort to intermittent courses for several days.