Movement disorders during sleep

Restless legs syndrome (RLS).Ekbom K. – 1945 – the clinical description ofRLS is a condition characterized by “unpleasant” sensations in the legs, completely or partially disappearing only at the moment of movement. The need for movement is irresistible. “Unpleasant” sensations are described by patients as “discomfort”, “pain”, “stretching”, “twitching”, “tingling”, “tingling”, “tingling”, “itching”, “shuddering”. Prevalence:5%…

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Stress and sleep

Stress is a physiological neurohormonal reaction to external and internal influences aimed at eliminating the consequences of the action of “damaging” factors, leading to a violation of the integrative activity of the brain and other body systems, and as a result, to a decrease in certain functional capabilities of a…

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Sleep and epilepsy

The association of epileptic seizures with sleep was noted over a century ago. Daytime forms of seizures (in wakefulness) had 40% of patients, nighttime (during sleep) – 25% of patients. In other cases, seizures occurred independently of sleep or wakefulness. The relationship between the course of epilepsy and the movement of the lunar…

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Disorders sleep in children

These disorders are diverse and differ significantly in structure from sleep disorders in adults. Their prevalence at the age of 1-5 years is 25%. Most often, children have PARASOMNIES (various phenomena that occur during sleep) and INSOMNII (sleep initiation and maintenance disorders). The most interesting and more common are parasomnias . Dreaming . It is the uttering of…

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Dreaming

Very often, waking up, we remain for a long time at the mercy of strange, bizarre, and sometimes frightening images, pictures or events experienced in a dream. Who are these characters that inhabit our dreams? Aliens of the otherworldly, unknown to us world or part of our internal structure, our “I”? And the…

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Sleep organization

Sleep can be defined as “a special genetically determined state of the human body (and warm-blooded animals, ie mammals and birds), characterized by a natural sequential change of certain polygraphic pictures in the form of cycles, phases and stages” (VM Kovalzon ). This complex definition of sleep testifies, firstly, that sleep is…

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Restless legs syndrome

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a condition characterized by unpleasant, painful sensations in the lower extremities, which appear mainly at rest (more often in the evening and at night) and force the patient to make movements that facilitate them, which lead to sleep disturbance.  Medstatistiki argues that in the world from 10 to 25% of all…

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Bruxism

Bruxism – paroxysmal contractions of the masticatory muscles that periodically occur in a dream, accompanied by clenching of the jaws and grinding of teeth. Bruxism is observed, according to research, in 1-3% of the population, both adults and children.  The clinical picture of the disease is a sudden grinding of teeth that…

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What is Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy – a disease of the central nervous system which led to a sleep disorder that is characterized by daytime attacks of irresistible sleepiness and sudden sleep in in the normal waking time, as well as bouts of cataplexy , that is, the sudden loss of muscle tone with clear consciousness, insomnia, sleep at night, appearances…

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