Insomnia (or insomnia) is a sleep disorder characterized by the inability to fall asleep for an extended period of time at night. In the 4th edition of the DSM-IV Classifier of Mental Disorders (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) insomnia is defined as the totality of patient complaints about unsatisfactory quantitative and qualitative characteristics of sleep, disturbing at least 3 times a week for 1 month.
Sleep disorders are observed in many pathological conditions: arthritis, allergies, coronary heart disease (CHD), prostatic hypertrophy. The physiological causes of insomnia can be hormonal changes, which are most often observed in women in the postpartum and menopause periods. Often insomnia is psychological in nature and is provoked by exposure to stress factors, external experiences, and strong emotions. It turns out that the nature of sleep disorders dictates to us what kind of specialist to address with our problem. That is why insomnia is a syndrome that requires a mandatory search for the causes of nighttime sleep disturbance: stress, neurosis, mental, somatic or neurological diseases, psychotropic drugs, alcohol, toxic factors, sleep apnea syndrome, motor disturbances in sleep, external adverse conditions (noise, humidity), shift work, changing time zones, impaired sleep hygiene.
In the video, somnologists will talk about how to diagnose and treat insomnia, depending on the causes that cause it.